Call for Papers

Interrogating the “Fourth Economy” 

Critical Perspectives i1n Entrepreneurship Theory, Research and Practice


Historically, the global economy has undergone a number of evolutions. The transition from the Agricultural, to the Industrial and Information Economy, has now seen the emergence of what has been termed the Entrepreneurial or the Fourth Economy. The transformative effect of entrepreneurship is already seen in countries such as the US. The transformation of businesses in developing and emerging economies, implicit in the Fourth Economy is also emerging for developing and emerging economies.

For academia, Entrepreneurship has been heralded as has been the foundation of business scholarship and practice ever since the invention of the business school. Entrepreneurship as an area of research, teaching and practice has also grown to accommodate a number of sub-streams. These have brought attention to themes such as the entrepreneurial process, entrepreneurial strategy and entrepreneurial ecosystem. Others themes have also emerged to become important features of Entrepreneurship broadly. Specifically, it is only in the last two decades or so that the terms social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have emerged globally as part of the lexicon of business schools. These are increasingly becoming central to the engagement between academia, practitioners and the wider community. For Jamaica and the Caribbean these terms have assumed greater currency with the staging of Jamaica National’s (JN’s) Social Enterprise Conference in 2017 and the through the support offered by international development actors to agencies such as the Social Enterprise Boost Initiative (SEBI). The well-established (though largely unheralded) work of the National Housing Trust (NHT) directed at the development of the social economy and community empowerment across Jamaica also bears witness to the awareness of the value of social entrepreneurship at the level of government. Taken together, these initiatives point to the development of a “fourth sector”, which, according to the World Economic Forum has emerged at the intersection of the three traditional sectors. This “fourth sector” comprises of “for-benefit organizations” which embrace the profit motive, like traditional private sector businesses, while, in the manner of the non-profits, simultaneously aim to advance societal good.


Mona School of Business and Management is mindful of its role in fostering the development of this Fourth Economy and Fourth Sector; first by providing a space for constructive dialogue and training, and second by addressing the dearth of literature in this area, particularly as it relates to small island developing states. MSBM has already advanced significant on this mandate. While there exists a growing body of literature and evidence globally, this is not for the Caribbean. In fact, the little research which now exists in this area has largely emerged from the applied research and emerging thinking on the issues. Notwithstanding, there remains a clear need for deeper interrogation of Entrepreneurship in all its forms, including social entrepreneurship, in order to build a strong conceptual and empirical base from which to launch the future growth for the region.

IDMC Draft October 1, 2018.


The 4th Conference of Business and Management, therefore brings together business leaders, investors, professionals, students, philanthropists and faculty, from all four sectors, to share best practices, interrogate theory, evaluate research, and engender new ideas, at the intersection of entrepreneurship, philanthropy, capital, innovation and society.

The Conference invites submissions in all areas of Entrepreneurship, including:

  • Small Business Entrepreneurship;
  • Corporate Entrepreneurship;
  • Survivor Entrepreneurship;
  • Opportunity Entrepreneurship;
  • High Growth Entrepreneurship;
  • Innovation Entrepreneurship;
  • Immigrant and Diaspora Entrepreneurship;
  • Transnational Entrepreneurship;
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Public Organisations;
  • Youth Entrepreneurship;
  • Gender and Entrepreneurship;
  • Mass Entrepreneurship;
  • Financing Entrepreneurship;
  • Individual Entrepreneurship;
  • Acquisitive Entrepreneurship;
  • Imitative Entrepreneurship;
  • Incubative Entrepreneurship;
  • Entrepreneurship and Development;
  • The Entrepreneurial Cycle;
  • Entrepreneurial Strategy;


Special Focus: In particular, the conference will have a special focus on Social Entrepreneurship/Enterprise

Capital for Good: Business and the Social Economy

  • Social Enterprise as Business Unusual
  • Sustainable Business
  • Financing the Third Economy/Social Finance
  • Banking and Finance and the Third Economy
  • Strategies for Financial Inclusion
  • Models of capitalisation
  • Impact investment/finance
  • Measuring social impact
  • Corporate Philanthropy, Foundations, Social Ventures
  • Funding Social Enterprise and Social entrepreneurship
  • Business innovation and Social transformation
  • Business Strategy and Sustainability
  • The Social Entrepreneur as a special actor
  • The “Conscious Capitalism”
  • Tensions and Misunderstandings Between For and Non-Profits


Social Enterprise and Entrepreneurship in Practice

  • Social Entrepreneurship/Enterprise, Business, Government and Society
  • Trends, patterns and scope of social entrepreneurship
  • Organizational forms of social enterprises
  • How do social enterprises compare with other organisational types?
  • What is the future for social enterprise/entrepreneurship?
  • How are/can the private sector and governments presently involved in the social entrepreneurship space and what are their roles?
  • What is the current state of the SE Ecosystem
  • Social Innovation, Growth and the SDGs
  • Innovative Solutions to Youth employment
  • Youth Empowerment, Growth and Social Entrepreneurship
  • Community Development and Empowerment
  • Gender and the Social Economy
  • Social Entrepreneurship/Enterprise and the Transformation of Livelihoods
  • Social Enterprise and Environmental Sustainability
  • The Negative Side of Social Entrepreneurship
  • Emergence and Scaling of SEs in Small, Developing, and Emerging Economies
  • Entrepreneurship, Enterprise and Sustainable Development
  • The Social Economy and Innovations in Tourism


Legal, Policy and Regulatory Issues in SEs

  • What are the major policy lessons?
  • What is the state of and role of policy in this space?
  • Good Practices in Policy Making and Regulating SEs
  • Governing and Good Governance in SEs
  • Social economy and the delivery of public services


Tech for Good

  • Wireless and mobile innovation for impact
  • Technology and Social Impact
  • Open/Data and Social Enterprise/Entrepreneurship


Managing Social Enterprise/Entrepreneurship

  • Financial Management and Accountability of Social Entrepreneurship
  • Good Governance and Ethical Issues
  • Practices in regulating and Managing SEs and CSOs
  • Strategic Leadership in the Third Sector
  • Entrepreneurship, Innovation Management and Competitiveness
  • Strategies and Challenges for Building, Scaling and Innovation in the Social Economy


Theory and Conceptual Developments in Social Enterprise/Entrepreneurship

  • What is the state of the art in the discipline?/ What have we learned from past research and practice in SE?
  • What lessons do other disciplines and conceptual frames hold for the area?
  • How developed is social entrepreneurship as a (sub)discipline?
  • What gaps remain in research and practice?


Teaching and Researching Social Enterprise/Entrepreneurship

  • What is the relevance of context, time and space in social entrepreneurship/enterprise research?
  • Cross-cultural and comparative Perspectives
  • Case studies in social entrepreneurship: Pitfalls, Good Practices
  • Is there an emerging “Caribbean model” of social entrepreneurship/enterprise?
  • Contribution of Caribbean/Small Developing/Emerging Contexts to Research, Practice, and Theory-Building in the field
  • With the rise of social entrepreneurship education: What has been learnt? What are the pedagogies?
  • How should social entrepreneurship be taught?
  • Emerging themes in social entrepreneurship education
  • Consulting for Impact – The Role of Universities, Consultants and International Organisations
  • Research challenges in social entrepreneurship


In particular, practitioner perspectives, including videos and artistic presentations that engage the themes are welcomed.

These and other questions more broadly related to business and management will be interrogated from multiple-contextual/-disciplinary lenses.


Special Plenary Speakers will include:

Professor Alex Nicholls, Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, Said Business School, University of Oxford. Professor Nicholls is the University of Oxford’s first Professor of Social Entrepreneurship (


Doctoral Consortium:

Submissions are also being invited for a Doctoral Consortium, which will offer students a collegial atmosphere to share their work and receive constructive feedback from distinguished researchers, supervisors, as well as their peers. As with the general conference, submissions are invited on the conference themes or on business and management, more broadly.


Special Sessions:

The Conference will feature three special sessions:

  • Conference to Publication: Transforming Conference presentations into Journal Publications
  • Impact Investment Masterclass
  • Masterclass on
  • Pitch Competition


Publications & Awards:

Maintaining its track record in publishing quality scholarly and empirical output to inform future research and teaching in the Caribbean and beyond, the following are among the likely outputs:

  • A Special Issue in The Journal of Social Entrepreneurship
  • Another special issue in an internationally rated journal;
  • An edited book;
  • A Special Issue of the MSBM Business Review
  • Conference Booklet/Book of Abstracts with a special ISBN

Other publication opportunities may become available and will be announced leading up to the conference. Only original works (i.e. not published elsewhere) will be considered for presentation & publication.

All submissions will be double-blind reviewed and will also benefit from constructive feedback at the conference.

A number of awards will be given, including for the Best Paper.

Submission Guidelines:

 Please send a 200 word abstract with 6-8 keywords and the sub-theme that is addressed by the proposed presentation. Include a separate cover page with title, name, institutional affiliation, a brief bio (200 words) & contact (Email, Tel & Fax)


Key Dates:

Abstracts due: December 1, 2018

 Full Scripts: April 1, 2019

Decisions: January 30, 2019

Conference: 2019


Host Institution: 

Mona School of Business and Management, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica

Contacts: Individual abstracts, papers, panel proposals and queries must be submitted to (TBA) and copied to 

Conference Website: